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In Judaism God has no image, which explains the Judaic ban on any representations of God and people.Services include individual and collective prayers, reading of the Torah and singing; Saturday and holyday services include a sermon. It is believed that later they were moved to the Median Mountains frequently associated with the Caucasus.1 Prince Vakhushti’s History of Georgia2 tells a different story.This puts the theory about the first Mountain Jewish communities in the Caucasus in the lime-light.4 They stand apart from other Jewish communities because they combined Judaism with various ethnic and cultural elements of their Caucasian neighbors.

JUDAISM IN THE CAUCASUS: HISTORICAL ESSAY Abstract The author looks at one of the least studied pages of Caucasian history— Judaism and its spread in the region.

He has covered the main versions of why the Jews arrived in the Caucasus in the first place and describes the stable and largest communities of Caucasian Jews. Judaism and its Main Dogmas Like elsewhere in the world, in the Caucasus Judaism lives alongside Christianity and Islam.

Judaism rests on the following dogmas: faith in Yahweh as the One God; faith in the Messiah, the heavenly redeemer, and the holiness of the Old Testament and the Talmud, as well as the faith that those who obey all the testaments will enjoy eternal bliss in Heaven.

Prayers, fasting, and circumcision are very important to the Jews.

This obviously rules out the Semitic roots of the Mountain Jews; it postulates instead their ethnic and genetic kinship with the Iranian Tats who embraced Judaism and who were moved to the Caucasus by Sassanian King Chosroes I Anushirva (531-579 A. According to another version,6 the Mountain Jews descended from the Persians who, after moving to the Caucasus, adopted Judaism under the Khazars’ influence.

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